Lesson 4

Welcome back! So far, we've learned how to handle multiple group items and perform basic arithmetic operations within them. Now, let's dive into a significant aspect of COBOL programming: **arithmetic operations** using the `COMPUTE`

statement. Understanding these operations is essential for programming tasks that involve financial calculations, interest computations, or any scenario where precision is key.

In this lesson, you'll learn how to:

- Use the
`COMPUTE`

statement to perform arithmetic operations. - Display the results of these computations effectively.

For example, by the end of this lesson, you will be comfortable with code like this:

cobol`1IDENTIFICATION DIVISION. 2PROGRAM-ID. ComputeDemo. 3DATA DIVISION. 4WORKING-STORAGE SECTION. 5 601 Customer. 7 02 Account-Balance PIC S9(5)V99 VALUE 100.00. 8 02 Deposit PIC S9(5)V99 VALUE 45.00. 9 02 New-Balance PIC S9(5)V99. 10 1101 TAX PIC S9(3)V99 VALUE 0.1. 12 13PROCEDURE DIVISION. 14 COMPUTE New-Balance = Account-Balance + Deposit - TAX. 15 DISPLAY 'New Balance: ' New-Balance. 16 17 STOP RUN.`

In this code snippet, we calculate the new balance of a customer's account by adding a deposit and subtracting a tax amount. The `COMPUTE`

statement simplifies this arithmetic operation, making it easier to understand and maintain. It uses mathematical operators, keeping the code concise and readable.

Using arithmetic operations is fundamental in various real-world scenarios. From banking systems managing account balances to any application requiring financial calculations, precision is crucial. The `COMPUTE`

statement is your tool for performing these precise mathematical operations easily and effectively.

For instance, consider a situation where you need to update the balance of a customer's account after a deposit. You must also factor in a tax deduction. The `COMPUTE`

statement simplifies this process by allowing you to perform the arithmetic operation in a single, clear line of code.

In our sample code, we calculate the new balance by adding a deposit to an existing account balance and then subtracting a tax amount. This kind of calculation is common in financial and business applications, making your understanding of the `COMPUTE`

statement invaluable.

Mastering arithmetic operations with the `COMPUTE`

statement is critical for simplifying complex calculations in your COBOL programs. This knowledge will enable you to handle financial computations, interest calculations, and other scenarios that require complex arithmetic operations with ease. With `COMPUTE`

you can combine complex arithmetic operations into a single statement, making your code more readable and efficient.

Are you ready to enhance your COBOL skills with arithmetic operations? Let's proceed to the practice section and put this knowledge into action!